Sleep apnoea is a serious sleep condition that occurs when a person’s breathing is interrupted during sleep. People with untreated sleep apnoea frequently stop breathing while sleeping, sometimes hundreds of times during the night. It occurs in about 10 percent of women and nearly 25 percent of men. It can affect people of all ages, including babies and children, particularly people over forty and those who are overweight. So, what are the various dental appliances used for treating sleep apnoea?
Dental appliances for treating sleep apnoea:
1. Mandibular Advancement Devices(MADs)
Mandibular advancement devices (MADs) are oral appliances that reposition the lower jaw (mandible) and the tongue forward during sleep, opening the airway and improving airflow. They effectively treat mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnoea and are typically custom-made to fit an individual’s mouth and dental anatomy, ensuring a comfortable fit and optimal effectiveness. They are usually adjustable, allowing for fine-tuning of the jaw position to achieve the best results. However, their effectiveness may vary depending on the severity of your condition and individual factors such as anatomy, compliance with wearing the device, and overall health. Regular use and follow-up with a dentist are necessary to monitor progress and make necessary adjustments.
2. Tongue-Retaining Devices(TRDs)/ Tongue Stabilizing Devices(TSDs)
TRDs or TSDs are other dental devices that help treat sleep apnoea. TRDs usually have a suction cup connecting to the tongue tip and holding it forward throughout the night. It helps to stop the tongue from collapsing and obstructing the airway as you sleep. These are generally one-size-fits-all devices but can also be customized based on an individual’s mouth.
3. Combined Therapy Devices
Combined Therapy Devices are dental appliances that may incorporate features from TRDs and MADs. These devices may include parts that reposition the lower jaw forward and hold the tongue forward, performing a dual mechanism to promote airflow and limit sleep apnoea patterns.
4. Positional Therapy Devices
Positional Therapy Devices are dental appliances that assist in maintaining a person in a particular sleeping posture to lessen sleep apnoea occurrences. For instance, specific devices keep the person lying on their side since sleeping supinely (on the back) might worsen sleep apnoea. However, the effectiveness of a positional therapy dental appliance may vary depending on the individual’s anatomy, the severity of the condition, and other factors.
5. Customized Devices
Various customized dental appliances are also available for treating sleep apnoea. These may be designed based on an individual’s dental impressions and specific needs. These devices usually include adjustable components, different materials, and unique designs to suit the individual’s anatomy and preferences.
It’s important to note that not all dental appliances are suitable for every individual with sleep apnoea. A proper evaluation is necessary to determine the most appropriate treatment option based on the severity of the case, individual analysis, and other factors. Also, compliance with wearing the device and regular follow-up appointments are crucial for optimal results. It’s always best to consult a qualified healthcare professional, such as a sleep specialist or a dentist, for proper evaluation, fitting, and management of dental appliances for sleep apnoea.
At Dr Joy Dental Clinic, our dental experts help you identify the triggers causing your sleep apnoea and provide appropriate treatment methods or dental appliances to prevent it. So if you suspect having sleep apnoea, contact us at 80037569 for expert advice or to book an appointment with our specialist dentists.